With the hope of developing the Islamic Medicine, the numerous Islamic Scholars first started by studying the writings of the old Greek physicians such as Galen and Hippocrates as well as the work of Indian, Persian and Chinese physicians. Very soon, the importance of collecting previous findings and data was recognized and all the Indian, Roman and Greek records were collected, compiled and translated into Arabic which formed the first step in the long and speedy advancement of ancient Islamic Medicine.
Islamic Medicine did not believe that diseases were the result of supernatural powers like Christianity at the time, instead they viewed Medicine as a science and the body needs to be balanced in order to remain healthy.
The first Hospitals, with Health practitioners such as doctors and nurses taking care of sick people and treating their diseases in a scientific method, surgical procedures and with hygiene care similar to our hospitals today, were established in the Islamic Medieval era by Islamic Doctors in Muslim Cities. In fact, it was only after the Crusaders returned from their war with the Muslims that they copied their Hospitals and the first European hospital was opened in Paris around the mid 1250’s.
Mental Illness was viewed as a sin or as a demonic possession by other religions such as Judaism and Christianity, but Islamic Doctors did not associate it with any wrongdoings and viewed it as an illness that should be approached scientifically. Healing mental illnesses was first recognized by the Islamic Medicine and the first psychiatric hospital was set up in Cairo, Egypt.
Islamic Medicine discovered major findings in Optics that advanced the cure of eye diseases by bounds and leaps. In fact Ancient Islamic Medicine and was ahead the European medicine by many centuries; For example extracting the cataract from the eye with a hollow needle started to be practiced in Europe one thousand years after it had been discovered and documented in Islamic Medicine, fully mastered as well as widely and successfully practiced by Islamic Physicians.
Muslim physicians in Islamic Medicine discovered the contagious nature of some diseases. In the Islamic medicine, doctors developed the scientific method we use today of experimenting, quantifying, dissecting, trials…Muslim doctors were the first to start the animal testing in the experimental phase, which resulted to discoveries of many cures and procedures in medicine.
The anesthesia that we use today was developed by the Muslim Doctors from the medieval Islamic civilization.
Islamic Medicine developed a very high moral code of ethics. The Muslim Hospitals admitted all patients regardless of their social status, wealth, color, or religion and the Muslim doctors treated all patients equally and kindly without regards to their religion or background.
Many famous physicians pioneers in medicine were Muslim Doctors from the Medieval Islamic Medicine Era, such as Ibn Sina who is still called the Doctor of all Doctors, Abul Qasim El Zahrawi also known as Albucasis who is considered as the father of Modern Surgery, Al Razi one of the greatest thinkers, doctors and writers of all time.
We therefore owe a lot of our health system and even pharmaceutical development and products product to the Islamic Medicine. They invented many of the surgical instruments and procedures we use today, discovered many cures that saved millions of people and still save many to this date, laid the building blocks for hospitals and Doctor Patient relationships. They helped us view diseases as a health imbalance that can and should be cured.